In women, symptoms may be genital itching and burning, a vaginal discharge, and dull chronic pelvic pain, bleeding between menstrual periods and a low-grade fever.
In men, symptoms may be a discharge from the penis and/or painful urination, burning and itching around the opening of the penis.
Chlamydia is a major cause of PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) and, if not treated may cause sterility (inability to have children). The risk of tubal pregnancy, miscarriage and stillbirth is much higher in pregnant women with Chlamydia. Newborns may develop eye and lung infections if the mother has Chlamydia.
Remember most women and some men with Chlamydia have NO SYMPTOMS!
Chlamydia infections are most often spread by direct sexual contact. Babies can get Chlamydia during birth if the mother has the infection.
A laboratory test is needed to diagnose a Chlamydia infection. The test (a culture) is taken from the cervix or the end of the penis with a small cotton swab and sent to the lab. This test may be done even when there are no symptoms.
Use of a condom (rubber) during sexual intercourse is the best way to help prevent some sexually transmitted diseases (infection). There is evidence to conclude condoms prevent HIV transmission in males and females, and that they could reduce the risk of Gonorrhea for men. Additional studies are needed to determine effectiveness for other STDs, including Chlamydia.
The more sexual partners you have, the greater your chance of getting an infection.
Do not have intercourse with anyone who has an infection or is being treated for an infection.
Do not use feminine sprays or douches. They can change the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina and increase your chances of getting a vaginal infection.