NuvaRing® is a new form of contraception. Since NuvaRing® works in the same way that birth control pills work, most of the advantages, risks, and side-effects are considered to be the same for both methods.
NuvaRing® is a polyethylene vinyl ring that is smaller than the size of a diaphragm. The ring contains the hormones estrogen and progesterone. These hormones are similar to those produced by a woman's body. The hormones flow slowly from the ring into the bloodstream. They work to prevent pregnancy by keeping eggs from being released by the ovaries. NuvaRing® is expected to be at least as effective as birth control pills. In early studies of this new contraceptive, the pregnancy rate of users was less than 1 per 100 women.
- 99.3% with perfect use
- NuvaRing® must be stored and used according to package directions.
- NuvaRing® is an effective method of birth control.
- You do not need to remember to take the pill everyday. You only need to remember to remove the ring after week 3 and to reinsert a new ring one week later.
- When you decide that you no longer want to use contraception and you discontinue your use of the ring, your ability to become pregnant should return quickly.
Some non-contraceptive benefits include:
- Predictable, regular menstrual cycles
- Decreased menstrual cramps and blood loss
- Less acne
- Some protection from non-cancerous breast tumors and ovarian cysts
- Some protection from ovarian and uterine lining cancer
Risks for NuvaRing® users are based on studies of women who use birth control pills. These include:
- Blood clots
- Heart attack
- Liver tumors
Women over the age of 35 years who smoke cigarettes should not use NuvaRing®.
Minor reactions from use of NuvaRing® may include:
- Increased vaginal discharge
- Vaginal irritation or infection
Regular physical examinations for routine health care are recommended. Condom use for the prevention of sexually transmitted infections is encouraged.